Administration and Management
According to Theo Haimann, “Administration means overall determination of policies, setting of major objectives, the identification of general purposes and laying down of broad programs and projects”. It refers to the activities of higher level. Administration lays down the basic principles of the organization. According to Newman, “Administration means guidance, leadership & control of the efforts of the groups towards some common goals”.
Management involves conceiving, initiating and bringing together the various elements; coordinating, actuating, integrating the diverse organizational components while sustaining the viability of the organization towards some pre-determined goals. In other words, it is an art of getting things done through & with people assigned to formally organized teams. Management and administration differences can be categorized on the basis of functions and on the basis of usage / applicability.
On the Basis of Functions:
On the Basis of Usage:
Basically there is no difference between management & administration. Every manager is concerned with both administrative management function and operative management function as shown in the figure below. However, managers higher up in the hierarchy spend more time on administrative function & the lower level spend more time on directing and controlling worker’s performance i.e. management.
Fig. : Degree of Administration and Management